We then see Jesus being represented again in the story of the Passover (I will touch on that in a little bit). The writer of Hebrews put it this way: 9 then He [Jesus] said, “Behold, I have come to do Your will, O God.”He takes away the first that He may establish the second. We are essentially a month away from Easter (Resurrection Day). The goat would then be put out into the wilderness bearing (carrying) the sins of an entire nation away to wherever it would go – it would be despised in God’s eyes. ... in our version "for a scape - goat " (Hebrew, la-azazel), the typical meaning of the transaction is clear, and it has its fulfilment only in Christ, who has... /.../barrows/companion to the bible/chapter xxxvii scriptural types.htm What is the Sanctuary? Sign up today to receive new sermon, bible study, and other site notifications. Many of us believers decide to overlook the Old Testament because “it does not apply to Christians” – that couldn’t be any further from the truth. Christian Truth. The Passover is very similar to what Jesus represents for Christians. The pure and innocent Jesus would bear the iniquities and transgressions of the whole world, not just a nation, placed on Him to bear. In ancient days, scripture shows us that the high priest would gather two goats and cast lots over the two goats – one would be killed and the other left alive. What was the mercy seat on the Ark of the Covenant. 10 By that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. Note: a bull was sacrificed and offered up on behalf of the high priest and his house (Leviticus 16:6) while the goats were offered up for the people’s atonement. What is Azazel / the scapegoat in the Bible? Leviticus 16:8-26 ; RSV, "the goat for Azazel" (q.v. God is love (1 John 4:8). Abraham was about to offer up his son to the Lord, but God, because of Abraham’s faith, provided him a ram caught up in the thicket (Genesis 22:13). There, God instructs Israel about the Day of Atonement. Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy make up the Law and many of the Hebrew ways we find were established in the book of Leviticus. I want you to know that this sin offering, that one goat, would be offered up as a sin offering for the whole nation of Israel on that day. Remember what I said about the scapegoat and how it would go on to be despised by God. The Day of Atonement was of great significance and importance to ancient Israel; it still is a day that is celebrated by Jews. We often use that word but have no idea that the term is actually biblical. We are sanctified and made holy through the shed blood of Jesus! Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. We also take a dive into pointing out the significance of the Old Testament … Yom Kippur is still celebrated by Jews who fast, pray, and focus on repentance and atonement. Scapegoat Leviticus 16:8-26 ; RSV, "the goat for Azazel" (q.v. “From the Israelite community [the high priest was instructed] to take two male goats for a sin offering and a … We do not perform sacrifices because our faith in the Lord tells us that those sacrifices are now no longer necessary since Christ was the last sacrifice for the world. Look at what John says here: 29 The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold! This Bible study draws parallels between the Atonement Day ceremony involving a scapegoat and Jesus Christ. - dictionary definition, verses and Bible references on the topic of Scapegoat. I describe the Lord as a circle because God never changes nor does He end – He is constant. In fact, we can draw a conclusion between the other goat and even the bull that was used during this ceremony. If you have a question about anything or would even like to add something, feel free to start a discussion below. What is Azazel / the scapegoat in the Bible? We get this notion in our head that somehow God changed His character through the Testaments – not true. The priest made atonement over the scapegoat, laying Israel's guilt upon it, and then sent it away, the goat bearing "upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited.". Notice the way that John describes the purpose and role of the only begotten Son of God. We can find Jesus being represented in the story of Abraham and Isaac. Yet, we overlook scripture like I mentioned at the start of this bible study (Leviticus 19:33-34) or scripture that tells us to love our neighbors. During this day, the high priest was instructed to first make a specific sacrifice for his own sins and those of his household. Copyright 2011-2020 Got Questions Ministries - All Rights Reserved. Then, he was free to move on to make sacrifice for the sins of Israel. I want to point out that “becoming holy” or “being sanctified” is not a New Testament thing, but something the Lord has wanted man to become since ancient days. Then, he was free to move on to make sacrifice for the sins of Israel. God was specific in how to go about these sacrifices. There, God instructs Israel about the Day of Atonement. of Jesus, while He was not physically manifested in the Old Testament, is certainly represented in Old Testament scripture. During this day, the high priest was instructed to first make a specific sacrifice for his own sins and those of his household. Three animals were used to atone for a whole nation’s sins and transgressions against God. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. 34 The stranger who dwells among you shall be to you as one born among you, and you shall love him as yourself; for you were strangers in the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God. The Lord established one specific day in which the nation of Israel was not to do anything but focus on atonement and repentance – Atonement Day or as we know it, Yom Kippur. What fascinates me about this scapegoat is the similarities we can draw between it and Jesus. There were all kinds of offerings (sacrifices) to be made to God; from burnt offerings to peace offerings; from the offering of calves to turtledoves – there was a sacrifice for practically anything. Jesus bore the weight of every sin on His shoulders. The lots casts were one for the Lord and one for the people; you can think of a ‘lot’ like you would think of a dice. With this bible study, I want to show the significance of the Old Testament. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Sin, however, corrupts us and causes some of us to refuse to see or accept this truth, even at this very moment. John states that Jesus, the Lamb of God, is the one who takes away the sin of the world. Some like to point and say that the God of the New Testament was different from the God of the Old Testament, but we’re about to destroy that thought. Goats were used during Atonement Day because they are often viewed not as an innocent creature like sheep. What John describes sounds very similar to the animals used on Atonement Day; remember, the goats became a sin offering and took away the sins of the nation of Israel. Everybody knows of the Ten Commandments and we begin to believe that the Ten Commandments was the only Law that God gave to children of Israel but that is actually not true. I hope you enjoyed this study and will come back for more studies. With that in mind, it just so happens that our bible study comes out of the book of Leviticus. My dad would enjoy the significance of the number 3 being represented here; he would say, God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit was being represented. The scapegoat is mentioned in Leviticus 16. Answer: “Azazel” or “the scapegoat” is mentioned in Leviticus 16 as part of God’s instructions to the Israelites regarding the Day of Atonement. We find in the book of Leviticus God’s intentions towards man becoming holy; the Lord wanted for man to consecrate himself and become holy (Leviticus 11:44). Bible Dictionaries - Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Scapegoat, Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Scapegoat, Bible Dictionaries - Smith's Bible Dictionary - Scapegoat, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. I chuckle at this because I think of just how many athletes we have made out to be scapegoats with Atlanta sports! I understand the practice of both of the days and encourage those that do practice Lent and the Day of Atonement to do it out of the most serious faith. The scapegoat is mentioned in Leviticus 16. Goats, you know, they have those horns and are very stubborn and messy looking whereas sheep are considered to be innocent creatures. God has always wanted us to treat each other out of kindness and love. Lent is not for proving you can live without something. 30 This is He of whom I said, ‘After me comes a Man who is preferred before me, for He was before me.’. The covering of the doorposts was a sign to the Lord not to take the life of the firstborn of the house because they were one of His children. Though we live under grace, there is a great deal that we can learn from the Old Testament. When Jesus was on the cross, He was despised by God (Matthew 27:46). The reason of this barbarous custom was that on one occasion the scapegoat returned to Jerusalem after being set free, which was considered such an evil omen that its recurrence was prevented for the future by the death of the goat" (Twenty-one Years' Work in the Holy Land). For usage information, please read the Baker Book House Copyright Statement. At this place the Judean desert was supposed to commence; and the man in whose charge the goat was sent out, while setting him free, was instructed to push the unhappy beast down the slope of the mountain side, which was so steep as to insure the death of the goat, whose bones were broken by the fall. How is Jesus' sacrifice propitiation for our sins? This animal knew nothing of the people’s sin but it would have to become despised in the eyes of the Lord because we know that God despises all sin.
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